China's 12 Points Peace Plan for Russia-Ukraine War

The Chinese 12 points peace plan, was criticized on the part of the western states, whereby I medial hardly really found the whole text, what is in the peace plan now in it, so I investigated myself and that led me directly to China.

The following are the 12 points the Chinese government envisions in the peace plan:

Respecting the sovereignty of all countries. Universally recognized international law, including the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter, must be strictly observed. The sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of all countries must be effectively upheld. All countries, big or small, strong or weak, rich or poor, are equal members of the international community. All parties should jointly uphold the basic norms governing international relations and defend international fairness and justice. Equal and uniform application of international law should be promoted, while double standards must be rejected.

2. abandoning the Cold War mentality. The security of a country should not be pursued at the expense of others. The security of a region should not be achieved by strengthening or expanding military blocs. The legitimate security interests and concerns of all countries must be taken seriously and addressed properly. There is no simple solution to a complex issue. All parties should, following the vision of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security and bearing in mind the long-term peace and stability of the world, help forge a balanced, effective and sustainable European security architecture. All parties should oppose the pursuit of one's own security at the cost of others' security, prevent bloc confrontation, and work together for peace and stability on the Eurasian Continent.

3. ceasing hostilities. Conflict and war benefit no one. All parties must stay rational and exercise restraint, avoid fanning the flames and aggravating tensions, and prevent the crisis from deteriorating further or even spiraling out of control. All parties should support Russia and Ukraine in working in the same direction and resuming direct dialogue as quickly as possible, so as to gradually deescalate the situation and ultimately reach a comprehensive ceasefire.

Resuming peace talks. Dialogue and negotiation are the only viable solution to the Ukraine crisis. All efforts conducive to the peaceful settlement of the crisis must be encouraged and supported. The international community should stay committed to the right approach of promoting talks for peace, help parties to the conflict open the door to a political settlement as soon as possible, and create conditions and platforms for the resumption of negotiation. China will continue to play a constructive role in this regard.

5 Resolving the humanitarian crisis. All measures conducive to easing the humanitarian crisis must be encouraged and supported. Humanitarian operations should follow the principles of neutrality and impartiality, and humanitarian issues should not be politicized. The safety of civilians must be effectively protected, and humanitarian corridors should be set up for the evacuation of civilians from conflict zones. Efforts are needed to increase humanitarian assistance to relevant areas, improve humanitarian conditions, and provide rapid, safe and unimpeded humanitarian access, with a view to preventing a humanitarian crisis on a larger scale. The UN should be supported in playing a coordinating role in channeling humanitarian aid to conflict zones.

Protecting civilians and prisoners of war (POWs). Parties to the conflict should strictly abide by international humanitarian law, avoid attacking civilians or civilian facilities, protect women, children and other victims of the conflict, and respect the basic rights of POWs. China supports the exchange of POWs between Russia and Ukraine, and calls on all parties to create more favorable conditions for this purpose.

7. keeping nuclear power plants safe. China opposes armed attacks against nuclear power plants or other peaceful nuclear facilities, and calls on all parties to comply with international law including the Convention on Nuclear Safety (CNS) and resolutely avoid man-made nuclear accidents. China supports the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in playing a constructive role in promoting the safety and security of peaceful nuclear facilities.

8. reducing strategic risks. Nuclear weapons must not be used and nuclear wars must not be fought. The threat or use of nuclear weapons should be opposed. Nuclear proliferation must be prevented and nuclear crisis avoided. China opposes the research, development and use of chemical and biological weapons by any country under any circumstances.

9 Facilitating grain exports. All parties need to implement the Black Sea Grain Initiative signed by Russia, Türkiye, Ukraine and the UN fully and effectively in a balanced manner, and support the UN in playing an important role in this regard. The cooperation initiative on global food security proposed by China provides a feasible solution to the global food crisis.

10. stopping unilateral sanctions. Unilateral sanctions and maximum pressure cannot solve the issue; they only create new problems. China opposes unilateral sanctions unauthorized by the UN Security Council. Relevant countries should stop abusing unilateral sanctions and "long-arm jurisdiction" against other countries, so as to do their share in deescalating the Ukraine crisis and create conditions for developing countries to grow their economies and better the lives of their people.

11. keeping industrial and supply chains stable. All parties should earnestly maintain the existing world economic system and oppose using the world economy as a tool or weapon for political purposes. Joint efforts are needed to mitigate the spillovers of the crisis and prevent it from disrupting international cooperation in energy, finance, food trade and transportation and undermining the global economic recovery.

12 Promoting post-conflict reconstruction. The international community needs to take measures to support post-conflict reconstruction in conflict zones. China stands ready to provide assistance and play a constructive role in this endeavor.

Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the People's Republic of China
Page: China's Position on the Political Settlement of the Ukraine Crisis

I passed these points to ChatGPT (GPT-3.5) to help me analyze the geopolitical implications, this is what came out:

  1. The sovereignty of all countries must be respected, regardless of their size, strength or wealth. International law and the principles of the UN Charter must be strictly observed. Equal application of international law should be promoted and double standards should be rejected. Geopolitical Impact: Emphasize the importance of respecting the sovereignty of all countries in order to maintain a stable international order.
  2. The cold war must be abandoned. The security of one country must not be pursued at the expense of others. No military blocs should be built to ensure the security of any region. The geopolitical interests and concerns of all countries must be taken seriously and addressed appropriately. Geopolitical impact: focus on a balanced, effective, and sustainable European security architecture to promote peace and stability on the Eurasian continent.
  3. Cease hostilities. Conflicts and wars are not beneficial for anyone. Parties must remain rational and exercise restraint to avoid further escalation of the situation. Geopolitical impact: Call for de-escalation and support for direct dialogue between Russia and Ukraine to achieve a comprehensive ceasefire.
  4. Resume peace talks. Dialogue and negotiation are the only solution to the Ukraine crisis. The international community should commit to the right approach of promoting talks for peace and creating conditions and platforms for the resumption of negotiations. Geopolitical impact: emphasizing the need for talks and negotiations as a solution to the crisis.
  5. Solve the humanitarian crisis. All operations to alleviate the humanitarian crisis must be supported. Humanitarian operations should follow the principles of neutrality and impartiality, and humanitarian issues should not be politicized. The safety of civilians must be effectively protected, and humanitarian corridors should be established for the evacuation of civilians from conflict zones. Geopolitical impact: emphasize the need for humanitarian assistance and support the UN's role in coordinating humanitarian assistance in conflict zones.
  6. Protection of civilians and prisoners of war. Parties to the conflict should strictly adhere to international humanitarian law, avoid attacks on civilians or civilian facilities, protect women, children, and other victims of the conflict, and respect the basic rights of prisoners of war. Geopolitical Impact: Emphasize the importance of protecting civilians and prisoners of war.
  7. Ensure the safety of nuclear power plants. China opposes armed attacks on nuclear power plants or other peaceful nuclear facilities and calls on all parties to abide by international law, including the Convention on Nuclear Safety (CNS) and resolutely avoid man-made nuclear accidents. China supports the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in promoting the safety and security of peaceful nuclear facilities. Geopolitical impact: focus on the safety of nuclear power plants and rejection of attacks on these facilities.
  8. Reduce strategic risks. Nuclear weapons should not be used and nuclear war should not be waged. The threat or use of nuclear weapons should be rejected. Nuclear proliferation must be prevented and a nuclear crisis avoided. China rejects the research, development and use of chemical and biological weapons by any country under any circumstances. Geopolitical impact: reject the use of nuclear weapons and focus on nuclear disarmament.
  9. Facilitate grain exports. All parties must fully and equitably implement the Black Sea Grain Initiative signed by Russia, Turkey, Ukraine, and the United Nations, and support the UN's role in this regard. The Global Food Security Cooperation Initiative proposed by China offers a viable solution to the global food crisis. Geopolitical impact: focus on promoting cooperation and collaboration to solve the global food crisis.
  10. End unilateral sanctions. Unilateral sanctions and maximum pressure cannot solve the problem; they only create new problems. China opposes unilateral sanctions that are not authorized by the UN Security Council. Relevant countries should stop abusing unilateral sanctions and "long-arm jurisdiction" against other countries to help de-escalate the Ukraine crisis and create conditions for developing countries to develop their economies and improve the lives of their people. Geopolitical impact: rejection of unilateral sanctions and focus on promoting cooperation and collaboration between countries.
  11. Maintain stability of industrial and supply chains. All parties should seriously uphold the existing global economic system and oppose the use of the global economy as a tool or weapon for political purposes. Joint efforts are needed to mitigate the impact of the crisis and prevent it from disrupting international cooperation in energy, finance, food trade, and transportation and affecting global economic recovery. Geopolitical impact: emphasizing the importance of maintaining the stability of industrial and supply chains and rejecting the use of the global economy as a political tool or weapon.
  12. Promoting post-conflict reconstruction. The international community must take action to support post-conflict reconstruction in conflict zones. China stands ready to provide assistance and play a constructive role in this effort. Geopolitical impact: emphasize the importance of post-conflict reconstruction and focus on helping countries cope with the aftermath of conflict.

Posted by Petr Kirpeit

All articles are my personal opinion and are written in German. In order to offer English-speaking readers access to the article, they are automatically translated via DeepL. Facts and sources will be added where possible. Unless there is clear evidence, the respective article is considered to be my personal opinion at the time of publication. This opinion may change over time. Friends, partners, companies and others do not have to share this position.

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